Alternative Medicine Lloydminster - The level of blood glucose refers to the amount of glucose or sugar present within the blood. The average range the body maintains a blood glucose reference range between around 3.6 - 5.8 mM and likewise represented as mmol/L which translates to millimoles/liter. The range can also be measured as 64.8-104.4 mg/dL. As part of the metabolic homeostasis, the human body strongly regulates level of blood glucose.
Glucose is the body's primary energy source for its cells. Also, blood lipids in the forms of oils and fats are mostly a compact energy store. The bloodstream transports glucose from the liver or intestines to body cells. The hormone insulin makes the glucose accessible for cell absorption. Insulin is mostly produced in the body by the pancreas.
The standard normal level of blood glucose for humans is about 4mM or 4mmol/L or 72 mg/dL, which translates to milligrams/decilitre. It is common for blood glucose levels to fluctuate during the day. Usually, levels of glucose are lowest during the morning prior to having breakfast. The reading is referred to usually as "the fasting level." Levels typically rise after meals for a couple of hours. If blood sugar levels fall outside of the average range, this could be an indicator of a medical condition. If the level is persistently high, it is referred to as hyperglycemia and conversely, low levels are considered to be hypoglycaemia.
The main hallmark of Diabetes mellitus is constant hyperglycemia. This particular illness is the most prominent of all sicknesses associated to the failure to regulate blood sugar. Trauma, severe stress, sickness, myocardial infarction, stroke or surgical procedure can likewise cause temporarily high blood sugar levels. An initial surge in blood sugar can also occur due to intake of alcohol, though later it tends to cause levels to decline.
Hypoglycaemia develops if the levels of blood sugar decline too low. The condition can be potentially fatal. Among the symptoms of hypoglycaemia include impaired mental functioning, lethargy, twitching, irritability, shaking, and loss of consciousness, sweating, aggressive or paranoid mentality, and weakness in leg and arm muscles, pale complexion and perhaps even brain damage. Appetite is suppressed over the short term if levels remain very high. Among the long-term health conditions connected with diabetes can take place due to long-term hyperglycemia. Health problems can consist of nerve damage, heart disease, and kidney and eye damage.
Low Blood Sugar
The mechanisms that help to restore satisfactory glucose levels post hypoglycaemia should be effective and quick to be able to prevent really serious consequences of inadequate glucose. If not treated, hypoglycaemia can lead to confusion, unsteadiness and in the extreme, coma. It is much more dangerous to have very little amounts of glucose within the blood than very much, at least on a temporary basis.
Within healthy people, blood glucose-regulating mechanisms are normally quite effectual. Generally, symptomatic hypoglycaemia is found just in diabetics making use of insulin or pharmacological treatment. The swiftness and severity of hypoglycaemic episodes can differ significantly between people. In severe instances, prompt medical help is immediately required because brain damage and damage to tissues and possibly even death can be caused by levels of blood glucose that are very low.
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